How to Recover from Chikungunya
Written by WikiHow
Chikungunya is a virus, transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The number one transmission agent for the disease is the yellow fever mosquito, an insect living in tropical areas like South America or Africa. There is no medication on the market to fight this virus — instead, you address the symptoms and your body fights off the virus over time. If you or someone you know is suffering from Chikungunya, scroll to Step 1 to start understanding how the recovery process works.
Look for the symptoms in the acute phase. The symptoms of this disease cover three phases, but most patients experience only the acute phase, with symptoms lasting anywhere from 3-12 days. Thereafter, the illness disappears in 87% of cases, as the body’s immune system eventually fights it off, like any cough or cold. But during this period, symptoms may be as follows:
Fever may be low- or high-grade. It first rises for the first 24 hours to 48 hours, returns back to normal temperature, and rises back to above-normal levels even up to 40°C (104°F) after being afebrile for a day or two. Fever returns to normal within two weeks from the start.
Joint pains (arthritis)
Joint pains are severe in character, migratory, tend to be worse during mornings, are relieved by light exercise, but worsened by strenuous and aggressive movements. Joint pains occurs immediately after or at the same time as the fever. Joints usually involved are the wrists, ankles, knees, and elbows, small joints of the hands and feet, and sometimes, the shoulders and hips.
Skin rash occurs in half of patients with Chikungunya. Skin rash consists of small reddish spots or bumps (maculopapular) but may be vesicles and/or blisters. This rash appears two days to five days after the fever. The rash usually occurs on the trunk, legs, soles, palms, and face.
Other symptoms include: headache, nausea, vomiting, inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eyes (conjunctivitis), back pain, diarrhea, and sores or ulcers of the tongue and/or mouth.
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